Read and Write TIFF Tags and Comments - macOS Swift Console

This tutorial shows how to read and write TIFF tags and comments in a macOS Swift Console application using the LEADTOOLS SDK.

Summary This tutorial covers how to work with TIFF tags and comments in a macOS Swift Console application.
Completion Time 20 minutes
Visual Studio Project Download tutorial project (5 KB)
Platform macOS Swift Console Application
IDE Xcode
Development License Download LEADTOOLS
Try it in another language

Required Knowledge

Get familiar with the basic steps of creating a project by reviewing the Add References and Set a License tutorial, before working on the Read and Write TIFF Tags and Comments - macOS Swift Console tutorial.

Create the Project and Add LEADTOOLS References

Start with a copy of the project created in the Load and Save Images tutorial. If you do not have that project, follow the steps in that tutorial to create it.

The references needed depend upon the purpose of the project. This tutorial requires the following Framework references located at <INSTALL_DIR>\LEADTOOLS22\Bin\Xcode\Frameworks\macOS:

Edit the Leadtools-Bridging-Header.h file to add the following imports:

#import <Leadtools.Codecs/Leadtools.Codecs.h> 

For a complete list of which files are required for your application, refer to Files to be Included in your Application.

Set the License File

The License unlocks the features needed for the project. It must be set before any toolkit function is called. For details, including tutorials for different platforms, refer to Setting a Runtime License.

There are two types of runtime licenses:


Adding LEADTOOLS references and setting a license are covered in more detail in the Add References and Set a License tutorial.

Add the Read/Write TIFF Comments Code

With the project created, the references added, and the license set, coding can begin.

Using the Project Navigator, open main.swift. Add a new string fileName below the SetLicense(); method call, and set it to the file path containing your TIFF file.

Add a new function named ReadAndWriteTifComments(file: String) and call it after the created string value, as shown below.

let fileName: String = "/path/to/LEADTOOLS22/Resources/Images/clean.tif" 
ReadAndWriteTifComments(file: fileName) 
ReadAndWriteTifTags(file: fileName) 

Add the code below to the ReadAndWriteTifComments() function to write a comment to the file, then read that same comment inside the file and display it to the console.

func ReadAndWriteTifComments(file: String) { 
    let codecs: LTRasterCodecs = LTRasterCodecs() 
    // Write the comment to the file 
    let writeComment: LTRasterCommentMetadata = LTRasterCommentMetadata() 
    writeComment.type = .software 
    writeComment.fromAscii("LEADTOOLS Demo") 
    do { 
        try codecs.write(comment: writeComment, to: fileName, pageNumber: 1) 
    } catch { 
    // Read the comment 
    do { 
        let readComment: LTRasterCommentMetadata = try codecs.readComment(from: fileName, pageNumber: 1, type: .software) 
        print("The following comment has been read:\n\(readComment.toAscii())/n") 
    } catch { 

Add the Read/Write TIFF Tags Code

Add a new function called ReadAndWriteTifTags(file: String). Call this function after the ReadAndWriteTifComments(file: fileName) line of code. Add the code below to read the XResolution of the image, modify it, and write the new XResolution tag.

func ReadAndWriteTifTags(file: String) { 
    let codecs: LTRasterCodecs = LTRasterCodecs() 
    // This code reads the Xresolution from a TIFF image, modifies the value, and saves it back. 
    let xresTagID: Int = 282 
    var readTag: LTRasterTagMetadata? 
    do { 
        let tags: [LTRasterTagMetadata] = try codecs.readTags(from: file, pageNumber: 1) 
        for tag in tags { 
            if tag.tagId == xresTagID { 
                readTag = tag as LTRasterTagMetadata 
        var image: LTRasterImage = try codecs.load(file: file) 
        print("X Resolution before: \(image.xResolution)") 
        var rational = UnsafeMutablePointer<LTRasterMetadataURational>.allocate(capacity: readTag!.data.count).pointee 
        readTag!.toURational(&rational, itemCount: 1) 
        rational.numerator = rational.numerator * 5 
        rational.denominator = rational.denominator * 1 
        readTag!.fromURational(&rational, itemCount: 1) 
        try codecs.write(tag: readTag, to: file, pageNumber: 1) 
        print("Resolution changed successfully.") 
        image = try codecs.load(file: file) 
        print("X Resolution after: \(image.xResolution)") 
    } catch { 

Run the Project

Clean the project to clear any errors by selecting Product -> Clean Build Folder or Shift + Command + K.

Run the project by selecting Product -> Run or Command + R.

If the steps were followed correctly, the application writes a new TIFF comment and then displays the comment in the console. The application also reads the XResolution from the TIFF image, modifies the resolution value, and writes the tag back to the TIFF image.

Console display of extracted information.


This tutorial showed how to use the LTRasterTagMetadata and LTRasterCommentMetadata classes to read/write TIFF comments and tags.

See Also

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© 1991-2023 LEAD Technologies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Products | Support | Contact Us | Intellectual Property Notices
© 1991-2023 LEAD Technologies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.